This timeline outlines the major periods and events of the Greek civilization from It was no easy task to compress the history of Ancient Greece into a concise. Ellas) was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. This was followed by the period of Classical Greece, an era that began with the Greco-Persian Wars, lasting from the 5th to 4th centuries ical era‎: ‎Greek Dark Ages‎ - ‎Classical ant. ??? Ancient Greek History - Greek Civilization??????


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It was fought between the important poleis city-states of Chalcis and Eretria over the fertile Lelantine plain of Euboea. Both greek civilization history seem to have suffered a decline as result of the long war, though Chalcis was the nominal victor.

A mercantile class arose in the first half of the 7th century BC, shown by the introduction of coinage in greek civilization history BC. The aristocratic regimes which generally governed the poleis were threatened by the new-found wealth of merchants, who in turn desired political power.

Ancient Greece - Wikipedia

From BC onwards, the aristocracies had to fight not to be greek civilization history and replaced by populist tyrants. In Spartathe Messenian Wars resulted in greek civilization history conquest of Messenia and enserfment of the Messenians, beginning in the latter half of the 8th century BC, an act without precedent in ancient Greece.

This practice allowed a social revolution to occur. Even the elite were obliged to live and train as soldiers; greek civilization history commonality between rich and poor citizens served to defuse the social conflict.

These reforms, attributed to Lycurgus of Spartawere probably complete by BC.

Ancient Greek civilization

Political geography of ancient Greece in the Archaic and Classical periods Athens suffered a land and agrarian crisis in the late 7th greek civilization history BC, again resulting in civil strife.

The Archon chief magistrate Draco made severe reforms to the law code in BC hence greek civilization history draconian "but these failed to quell the conflict. However, the Peloponnesian War that followed, between Athens and Sparta, led to the decline of the glorious classical era.

That was when the kingdom of Macedon, a tribe residing in northern Greece, came to power defeating and conquering the other Greek city-states.

History: Ancient Greece for Kids

However, in BC, he dies in Babylon at the age of 33 and his Macedonian empire is torn apart and governed by his heirs. This is actually the period where ancient Greek civilization history turns into Roman Greece.


That time, the country greek civilization history the field of many important battles and new greek civilization history are constructed, such as Nikopolis in western Greece.

Athens and generally the Greek culture declines, but the Greek becomes a second official language for the Roman Empire. Also, the wars between Sparta and Athens were during this time.

Ancient Greek Civilization

This period ended with the rise and then death of Alexander the Great in BC. The name Hellenistic comes from the Greek greek civilization history "hellens", which is what the Greeks called themselves.

Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were the two main city states that ruled much of ancient Greece. They were often rivals and fought each other in the Peloponnesian Wars.

At other times they united together greek civilization history order to protect the Greek lands from invaders. However, their rule did not last: The colonial migrations of the Archaic period had an important effect on its art and literature: Sculptors created kouroi and korai, carefully proportioned human figures that served as greek civilization history to the dead.

Scientists and mathematicians made progress too: Anaximandros devised a theory of gravity; Xenophanes wrote about his discovery of fossils; and Pythagoras of Kroton discovered his famous theorem.

Ancient Greek civilization | historical region, Eurasia |

One is perhaps on firmer ground when one examines the evidence for prepolis aggregations of larger units, often religious in character. There are a number of such associations whose origins lie in the Dark Age and whose existence surely promoted some feeling of local and greek civilization history identity among the participants.

The Ionians in Anatolia formed themselves into a confederation of 12 greek civilization history, the Ionian Dodecapolis, with a common meeting place; and there were comparable groupings among the Dorian Greeks of Anatolia and even among the Carians partially Hellenized non-Greeks in the same part of the world.

The central location for such organizations was characteristically small and insignificant.